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Town planning comes under the jurisdiction of the Regions. Each region passes its own planning laws and regulations and establishes its own Development Plan. To help you find your way around, here's an overview of the different laws in force in Flanders:
Ruimtelijk Structuurplan Vlaanderen (RSV)
The RSV is a 10-year structural plan for the Flemish Region. Its aim is to enhance the Region by establishing planning policies that favour economic development or are designed to protect sites of cultural, historic or aesthetic value.
The RSV comprises four sections:
- urban areas,
- rural areas,
- the economy,
- and transport and infrastructure.
The Ruimtelijk Structuurplan is the equivalent of the Regional Land Use Plan (PRAS) in Brussels and the Regional Spatial Development Perspective (RSDP) in Wallonia.
Gewestelijke ruimtelijke uitvoeringsplannen (RUPs)
Regional Implementation Plans serve to make minor amendments to the Ruimtelijk Structuurplan Vlaanderen in the course of the ten years until a new structural plan can be introduced.
The Regional Development Plan ("Gewestplan" in Dutch) is literally a transcription, in map form, of the town planning reality of the Region. Plots are grouped in zones, according to their characteristics and use.
In addition to this data, the Regional Development Plan includes legal information, such as details of any priority purchase rights that the public authorities may have over a given plot.
In Flanders, spatial planning is regulated by three decrees:
- The Decree of 18 May 1999 relating to the Organisation of Spatial Planning.
- The Consolidated Decree of 22 October 1996 relating to Spatial Planning.
- The Decree of 10 March 2006 relating to the creation of Strategische Adviesraad Ruimtelijke Ordening, or real estate assets